Discover the rich mosaic landscape of the Carpathian Mountains, its forests, pastures, free flowing rivers and the diverse flora and fauna in the green heart of Europe.

Armenis Commune, located at the foothills of Ţarcu Mountains, is the host of an ambitious European bison rewilding initiative and the second bison rewilding site in Romania. The bison has disappeared from Romania’s habitats for more than 150 years. The species is of particular ecological importance, also known as a “landscape architect” due to it’s feeding habits. It eats tree bark and shrubs and creates paths for smaller wildlife to expand their territory.

The bison’s browsing ability helps maintain a mosaic of forest areas and grasslands, much more valuable from an ecological point view than any closed forests or open grasslands. It is a species that, if successfully re-introduced and its habitat effectively preserved across the entire Carpathian mountain range, will help maintain the ecological corridors on large scale, allowing natural processes to occur.


Timiş is the river where all the mountain springs and streams in Armenis commune gather. It passes from south to north through the western part of the village. At the entrance in Armenis, the most important tributary of Timis is the Biban brook and two rivers on the right bank, the White River and the Long River, a few kilometers in the eastern part of the village of Fenes.

The climate

The climate in Armeniș is one of transition climate between the steppe and the mountain, with milder winters and quite warm summers, as a result of the Mediterranean air masses that reach these valleys.

The flora

The area is blessed with a rich vegetation, dominated by endless natural beech forest as well as conifers planted in this area mostly for timber production. On the riverbeds we find natural marshes and trees and shrubs like alder, sails and wicker. The natural pastures in the alpine area have wild blueberries and raspberries but also fern – overgrowing in places. The hilly pastures close to the villages are filled with old orchards with apple and plum trees dominating the scenery.


The forest here are home to bears, wolfs, lynx, wild boar, red deer, roe deer, foxes, martens, otters and more. In the mountain rivers we can still find wild trout and graying.

Springtime is an amazing time for birdwatchers and can encounter a rich diversity of birds in the pastures, forests here: eagles, owls, hawks, crows, sparrows, cuckoo, storks.